Lester Young (USA, saxophone, 1909-59) was one of the jazz greats. A majestic soloist and revered virtuoso, his musical and stylistic influence extended well beyond the swing era. Young’s sound and light-touch formed an important part of Charlie Parker’s bebop sound and approach, and so all the music that flowed from that. In his teens Lester Young imitated Frankie Trumbauer and was, in turn, imitated by Charlie Parker who memorized his recorded solos.
Young was taught to play mainly by his father, Billy Young, a professional musician trained at the famous Tuskegee Institute, a school teacher, private music teacher, a bandleader, and even school principal. He forced Lester to learn music reading and not just to rely on playing by ear. Biographer Dave Gelly noted that Billy Young’s ‘commanding presence and teaching background, made a highly effective band director. He trained young players’ (2007, p. 5). As a child, Lester Young learnt drums, trumpet, violin, and later saxophone and performed in the Young Family band.
He was influenced by the saxophone sound of Frankie Trumbauer whose solos he transcribed. Lester Young began entry-level professional work at 16 touring with lesser-known ‘territory’ bands but continued his study, particularly of Trumbauer’s playing. Later he become one of the stars of the Count Basie band and an acclaimed jazz great in his own right.
Gelly, D. (2007). Being prez: The life and music of lester young. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Postif, F. (1959). Lester: Paris 1959. Jazz Review, 2(8), 7-12. Retrieved from http://jazzstudiesonline.org/files/jso/resources/pdf/JREV2.8.pdf
Russell, R. (1997). Jazz style in kansas city and the south west. New York: Da Capo Press.
Tirro, F. (1993). Jazz: A history (second edition ed.). NewYork: W.W. Norton & Co.